topMatthew ch 23

Chapter 23

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23:2 λέγων, ἐπὶ τῆς Μωϋσέως καθέδρας ἐκάθισαν οἱ γραμματεῖς καὶ οἱ Φαρισαῖοι. 2 λέγων, ἐπὶ τῆς Μωσέως καθέδρας ἐκάθισαν οἱ γραμματεῖς καὶ οἱ Φαρισαῖοι·
saying, “The scribes and the Farisais have seated themselves in the chair of Mōyseōs; saying, “The scribes and the Farisais have seated themselves in the chair of Mōseōs;
23:3 πάντα οὖν ὅσα ἐὰν εἴπωσιν ὑμῖν ποιήσατε καὶ τηρεῖτε, κατὰ δὲ τὰ ἔργα αὐτῶν μὴ ποιεῖτε·
λέγουσιν γὰρ καὶ οὐ ποιοῦσιν.
3 πάντα οὖν ὅσα ἂν εἴπωσιν ὑμῖν τηρεῖν, τηρεῖτε καὶ ποιεῖτε·
κατὰ δὲ τὰ ἔργα αὐτῶν μὴ ποιεῖτε·
λέγουσι γὰρ καὶ οὐ ποιοῦσι.
therefore all that they tell you, do and observe, but don’t do according to their deeds; for they say and don’t do. therefore all that they tell you, keep, observe and do; but don’t do according to their deeds; for they say and don’t do.
23:4 δεσμεύουσιν δὲ φορτία βαρέα [καὶ δυσβάστακτα] καὶ ἐπιτιθέασιν ἐπὶ τοὺς ὤμους τῶν ἀνθρώπων, αὐτοὶ δὲ τῷ δακτύλῳ αὐτῶν οὐ θέλουσιν κινῆσαι αὐτά. 4 δεσμεύουσι γὰρ φορτία βαρέα καὶ δυσβάστακτα, καὶ ἐπιτιθέασιν ἐπὶ τοὺς ὤμους τῶν ἀνθρώπων·
τῷ δὲ δακτύλῳ αὐτῶν οὐ θέλουσι κινῆσαι αὐτά.
Then they tie up heavy burdens [and oppressive] and lay them on men’s shoulders, but they themselves are unwilling to move them with a finger. Then they tie up heavy burdens and oppressive and lay them on men’s shoulders, but they themselves are unwilling to move them with a finger.
23:9 καὶ πατέρα μὴ καλέσητε ὑμῶν ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς, εἷς γάρ ἐστιν ὑμῶν πατὴρ οὐράνιος. 9 καὶ πατέρα μὴ καλέσητε ὑμῶν ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς·
εἷς γάρ ἐστιν πατὴρ ὑμῶν, ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς.
Don’t call anyone on earth your father; for One is your Father, he who is in heaven. Don’t call anyone on earth your father; for One is your Father, he who is in heaven.
23:10 μηδὲ κληθῆτε καθηγηταί, ὅτι καθηγητὴς ὑμῶν ἐστιν εἷς Χριστός. 10 μηδὲ κληθῆτε, καθηγηταί·
εἷς γὰρ ὑμῶν ἐστιν καθηγητής, Χριστός.
Don’t be called teacher; for One is your Teacher, that is, Christ. Don’t be called teacher; for One is your Teacher, that is, Christ.
23:11  δὲ μείζων ὑμῶν ἔσται ὑμῶν διάκονος. 11  δὲ μείζων ὑμῶν ἔσται ὑμῶν διάκονος.
But the greatest among you shall be your servant. But the greatest among you shall be your servant.
23:12 ὅστις δὲ ὑψώσει ἑαυτὸν ταπεινωθήσεται καὶ ὅστις ταπεινώσει ἑαυτὸν ὑψωθήσεται. 12 ὅστις δὲ ὑψώσει ἑαυτόν, ταπεινωθήσεται·
καὶ ὅστις ταπεινώσει ἑαυτόν, ὑψωθήσεται.
Whoever exalts himself shall be humbled; and whoever humbles himself shall be exalted. Whoever exalts himself shall be humbled; and whoever humbles himself shall be exalted.
23:13 Οὐαὶ δὲ ὑμῖν γραμματεῖς καὶ Φαρισαῖοι ὑποκριταί, ὅτι κλείετε τὴν βασιλείαν τῶν οὐρανῶν ἔμπροσθεν τῶν ἀνθρώπων·
ὑμεῖς γὰρ οὐκ εἰσέρχεσθε οὐδὲ τοὺς εἰσερχομένους ἀφίετε εἰσελθεῖν.
13 Οὐαὶ δὲ ὑμῖν, γραμματεῖς καὶ Φαρισαῖοι, ὑποκριταί, ὅτι κλείετε τὴν βασιλείαν τῶν οὐρανῶν ἔμπροσθεν τῶν ἀνθρώπων·
ὑμεῖς γὰρ οὐκ εἰσέρχεσθε οὐδὲ τοὺς εἰσερχομένους ἀφίετε εἰσελθεῖν.
But woe to you, scribes and Farisais, hypocrites! because you close the kingdom of the heavens from before men; for you don’t enter in yourselves, nor do you allow those who are entering to go in. But woe to you, scribes and Farisais, hypocrites! because you close the kingdom of the heavens from before men; for you don’t enter in yourselves, nor do you allow those who are entering to go in.
23:14 [[Οὐαὶ δὲ ὑμῖν, γραμματεῖς καὶ Φαρισαῖοι ὑποκριταί, ὅτι κατεσθίετε τὰς οἰκίας τῶν χηρῶν, καὶ προφάσει μακρὰ προσευχόμενοι·
διὰ τοῦτο λήψεσθε περισσότερον κρίμα.]]
14 οὐαὶ ὑμῖν, γραμματεῖς καὶ Φαρισαῖοι, ὑποκριταί, ὅτι κατεσθίετε τὰς οἰκίας τῶν χηρῶν, καὶ προφάσει μακρὰ προσευχόμενοι·
διὰ τοῦτο λήψεσθε περισσότερον κρίμα.
[Woe to you, scribes and Farisais, hypocrites, because you devour widows’ houses, and for a pretense you make long prayers; therefore you will receive greater condemnation.] Woe to you, scribes and Farisais, hypocrites, because you devour widows’ houses, and for a pretense you make long prayers; therefore you will receive greater condemnation.
23:15 Οὐαὶ ὑμῖν γραμματεῖς καὶ Φαρισαῖοι ὑποκριταί, ὅτι περιάγετε τὴν θάλασσαν καὶ τὴν ξηρὰν ποιῆσαι ἕνα προσήλυτον, καὶ ὅταν γένηται ποιεῖτε αὐτὸν υἱὸν γεέννης διπλότερον ὑμῶν. 15 Οὐαὶ ὑμῖν, γραμματεῖς καὶ Φαρισαῖοι, ὑποκριταί, ὅτι περιάγετε τὴν θάλασσαν καὶ τὴν ξηρὰν ποιῆσαι ἕνα προσήλυτον, καὶ ὅταν γένηται, ποιεῖτε αὐτὸν υἱὸν γεέννης διπλότερον ὑμῶν.
Woe to you, scribes and Farisais, hypocrites! because you travel around on sea and dry land to make one proselyte; and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much a son of gehenna as yourselves. Woe to you, scribes and Farisais, hypocrites! because you travel around on sea and dry land to make one proselyte; and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much a son of gehenna as yourselves.
23:16 Οὐαὶ ὑμῖν, ὁδηγοὶ τυφλοὶ οἱ λέγοντες, ὃς ἄν ὀμόσῃ ἐν τῷ ναῷ, οὐδέν ἐστιν·
ὃς δ᾿ ἄν ὀμόσῃ ἐν τῷ χρυσῷ τοῦ ναοῦ, ὀφείλει.
16 Οὐαὶ ὑμῖν, ὁδηγοὶ τυφλοί, οἱ λέγοντες, ὃς ἄν ὀμόσῃ ἐν τῷ ναῷ, οὐδέν ἐστιν·
ὃς δ᾿ ἄν ὀμόσῃ ἐν τῷ χρυσῷ τοῦ ναοῦ, ὀφείλει.
Woe to you, blind guides, who say, ‘Whoever swears by the temple, that is nothing; but whoever swears by the gold of the temple, he is obligated.’ Woe to you, blind guides, who say, ‘Whoever swears by the temple, that is nothing; but whoever swears by the gold of the temple, he is obligated.’
23:17 μωροὶ καὶ τυφλοί, τίς γὰρ μείζων ἐστίν, χρυσὸς ναὸς ἁγιάσας τὸν χρυσόν; 17 μωροὶ καὶ τυφλοί·
τίς γὰρ μείζων ἐστίν, χρυσός, ναὸς ἁγιάζων τὸν χρυσόν;
Oh fools and blind men! Which is greater, the gold or the temple that sanctified the gold? Oh fools and blind men! Which is greater, the gold or the temple that sanctified the gold?
23:18 καὶ, ὃς ἄν ὀμόσῃ ἐν τῷ θυσιαστηρίῳ, οὐδέν ἐστιν·
ὃς δ᾿ ἄν ὀμόσῃ ἐν τῷ δώρῳ τῷ ἐπάνω αὐτοῦ, ὀφείλει.
18 καί, ὃς ἐὰν ὀμόσῃ ἐν τῷ θυσιαστηρίῳ, οὐδέν ἐστιν·
ὃς δ᾿ ἄν ὀμόσῃ ἐν τῷ δώρῳ τῷ ἐπάνω αὐτοῦ, ὀφείλει.
And, ‘Whoever swears by the altar, that is nothing; but whoever swears by the offering on it, he is obligated.’ And, ‘Whoever swears by the altar, that is nothing; but whoever swears by the offering on it, he is obligated.’
23:19 τυφλοί, τί γὰρ μεῖζον, τὸ δῶρον τὸ θυσιαστήριον τὸ ἁγιάζον τὸ δῶρον; 19 μωροὶ καὶ τυφλοί, τί γὰρ μεῖζον, τὸ δῶρον, τὸ θυσιαστήριον τὸ ἁγιάζον τὸ δῶρον;
Oh blind men, which is greater, the offering, or the altar that sanctifies the offering? Oh blind men, which is greater, the offering, or the altar that sanctifies the offering?
23:20  οὖν ὀμόσας ἐν τῷ θυσιαστηρίῳ ὀμνύει ἐν αὐτῷ καὶ ἐν πᾶσι τοῖς ἐπάνω αὐτοῦ· 20  οὖν ὀμόσας ἐν τῷ θυσιαστηρίῳ ὀμνύει ἐν αὐτῷ καὶ ἐν πᾶσι τοῖς ἐπάνω αὐτοῦ·
Therefore, whoever swears by the altar, swears both by the altar and by everything on it. Therefore, whoever swears by the altar, swears both by the altar and by everything on it.
23:21 καὶ ὀμόσας ἐν τῷ ναῷ ὀμνύει ἐν αὐτῷ καὶ ἐν τῷ κατοικοῦντι αὐτόν, 21 καὶ ὀμόσας ἐν τῷ ναῷ ὀμνύει ἐν αὐτῷ καὶ ἐν τῷ κατοικοῦντι αὐτόν·
And whoever swears by the temple, swears both by the temple and by him who dwells within it. And whoever swears by the temple, swears both by the temple and by him who dwells within it.
23:22 καὶ ὀμόσας ἐν τῷ οὐρανῷ ὀμνύει ἐν τῷ θρόνῳ τοῦ θεοῦ καὶ ἐν τῷ καθημένῳ ἐπάνω αὐτοῦ. 22 καὶ ὀμόσας ἐν τῷ οὐρανῷ ὀμνύει ἐν τῷ θρόνῳ τοῦ θεοῦ καὶ ἐν τῷ καθημένῳ ἐπάνω αὐτοῦ.
And whoever swears by heaven, swears both by the throne of God and by him who sits upon it. And whoever swears by heaven, swears both by the throne of God and by him who sits upon it.
23:23 Οὐαὶ ὑμῖν γραμματεῖς καὶ Φαρισαῖοι ὑποκριταί, ὅτι ἀποδεκατοῦτε τὸ ἡδύοσμον καὶ τὸ ἄνηθον καὶ τὸ κύμινον καὶ ἀφήκατε τὰ βαρύτερα τοῦ νόμου, τὴν κρίσιν καὶ τὸ ἔλεος καὶ τὴν πίστιν·
ταῦτα [δὲ] ἔδει ποιῆσαι κἀκεῖνα μὴ ἀφιέναι.
23 Οὐαὶ ὑμῖν, γραμματεῖς καὶ Φαρισαῖοι, ὑποκριταί, ὅτι ἀποδεκατοῦτε τὸ ἡδύοσμον καὶ τὸ ἄνηθον καὶ τὸ κύμινον, καὶ ἀφήκατε τὰ βαρύτερα τοῦ νόμου, τὴν κρίσιν καὶ τὸν ἔλεον καὶ τὴν πίστιν·
ταῦτα ἔδει ποιῆσαι, κἀκεῖνα μὴ ἀφιέναι.
Woe to you, scribes and Farisais, hypocrites! Because you tithe mint and dill and cummin, and have neglected the weightier things of the law: justice and mercy and faithfulness; [but] these are the things you should have done without neglecting the others. Woe to you, scribes and Farisais, hypocrites! Because you tithe mint and dill and cummin, and have neglected the weightier things of the law: justice and mercy and faithfulness; but these are the things you should have done without neglecting the others.
23:24 ὁδηγοὶ τυφλοί, διϋλίζοντες τὸν κώνωπα, τὴν δὲ κάμηλον καταπίνοντες. 24 ὁδηγοὶ τυφλοί, οἱ διϋλίζοντες τὸν κώνωπα, τὴν δὲ κάμηλον καταπίνοντες.
Oh blind guides! while straining out a gnat, then swallowing a camel! Oh blind guides! while straining out a gnat, then swallowing a camel!
23:25 Οὐαὶ ὑμῖν, γραμματεῖς καὶ Φαρισαῖοι ὑποκριταί, ὅτι καθαρίζετε τὸ ἔξωθεν τοῦ ποτηρίου καὶ τῆς παροψίδος, ἔσωθεν δὲ γέμουσιν ἐξ ἁρπαγῆς καὶ ἀκρασίας. 25 Οὐαὶ ὑμῖν, γραμματεῖς καὶ Φαρισαῖοι, ὑποκριταί, ὅτι καθαρίζετε τὸ ἔξωθεν τοῦ ποτηρίου καὶ τῆς παροψίδος, ἔσωθεν δὲ γέμουσιν ἐξ ἁρπαγῆς καὶ ἀκρασίας.
Woe to you, scribes and Farisais, hypocrites! Because you clean the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside they are full of robbery and self-indulgence. Woe to you, scribes and Farisais, hypocrites! Because you clean the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside they are full of robbery and self-indulgence.
23:26 Φαρισαῖε τυφλέ, καθάρισον πρῶτον τὸ ἐντὸς τοῦ ποτηρίου, ἵνα γένηται καὶ τὸ ἐκτὸς αὐτοῦ καθαρόν. 26 Φαρισαῖε τυφλέ, καθάρισον πρῶτον τὸ ἐντὸς τοῦ ποτηρίου καὶ τῆς παροψίδος, ἵνα γένηται καὶ τὸ ἐκτὸς αὐτῶν καθαρόν.
Oh blind Farisais! first clean the inside of the cup in order that the outside of it may become clean also. Oh blind Farisais! first clean the inside of the cup in order that the outside of it may become clean also.
23:27 Οὐαὶ ὑμῖν, γραμματεῖς καὶ Φαρισαῖοι ὑποκριταί, ὅτι παρομοιάζετε τάφοις κεκονιαμένοις, οἵτινες ἔξωθεν μὲν φαίνονται ὡραῖοι, ἔσωθεν δὲ γέμουσιν ὀστέων νεκρῶν καὶ πάσης ἀκαθαρσίας. 27 Οὐαὶ ὑμῖν, γραμματεῖς καὶ Φαρισαῖοι, ὑποκριταί, ὅτι παρομοιάζετε τάφοις κεκονιαμένοις, οἵτινες ἔξωθεν μὲν φαίνονται ὡραῖοι, ἔσωθεν δὲ γέμουσιν ὀστέων νεκρῶν καὶ πάσης ἀκαθαρσίας.
Woe to you, scribes and Farisais, hypocrites! Because you are like whitewashed tombs which on the outside appear beautiful, but inside they are full of dead men’s bones and all uncleanness. Woe to you, scribes and Farisais, hypocrites! Because you are like whitewashed tombs which on the outside appear beautiful, but inside they are full of dead men’s bones and all uncleanness.
23:28 οὕτως καὶ ὑμεῖς ἔξωθεν μὲν φαίνεσθε τοῖς ἀνθρώποις δίκαιοι, ἔσωθεν δέ ἐστε μεστοὶ ὑποκρίσεως καὶ ἀνομίας. 28 οὕτω καὶ ὑμεῖς ἔξωθεν μὲν φαίνεσθε τοῖς ἀνθρώποις δίκαιοι, ἔσωθεν δέ μεστοί ἐστε ὑποκρίσεως καὶ ἀνομίας.
So also on the one hand you appear righteous to men, but on the other hand inwardly you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness. So also on the one hand you appear righteous to men, but on the other hand inwardly you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness.
23:29 Οὐαὶ ὑμῖν, γραμματεῖς καὶ Φαρισαῖοι ὑποκριταί, ὅτι οἰκοδομεῖτε τοὺς τάφους τῶν προφητῶν καὶ κοσμεῖτε τὰ μνημεῖα τῶν δικαίων, 29 Οὐαὶ ὑμῖν, γραμματεῖς καὶ Φαρισαῖοι, ὑποκριταί, ὅτι οἰκοδομεῖτε τοὺς τάφους τῶν προφητῶν, καὶ κοσμεῖτε τὰ μνημεῖα τῶν δικαίων,
Woe to you, scribes and Farisais, hypocrites! Because you build the tombs of the prophets and decorate the monuments of the righteous, Woe to you, scribes and Farisais, hypocrites! Because you build the tombs of the prophets and decorate the monuments of the righteous,
23:30 καὶ λέγετε, εἰ ἤμεθα ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις τῶν πατέρων ἡμῶν, οὐκ ἄν ἤμεθα αὐτῶν κοινωνοὶ ἐν τῷ αἵματι τῶν προφητῶν. 30 καὶ λέγετε, εἰ ἦμεν ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις τῶν πατέρων ἡμῶν, οὐκ ἄν ἦμεν κοινωνοὶ αὐτῶν ἐν τῷ αἵματι τῶν προφητῶν.
and you say, ‘If we had been living in the days of our fathers, we would not have been their partners in the blood of the prophets.’ and you say, ‘If we had been living in the days of our fathers, we would not have been their partners in the blood of the prophets.’
23:31 ὥστε μαρτυρεῖτε ἑαυτοῖς ὅτι υἱοί ἐστε τῶν φονευσάντων τοὺς προφήτας. 31 ὥστε μαρτυρεῖτε ἑαυτοῖς, ὅτι υἱοί ἐστε τῶν φονευσάντων τοὺς προφήτας·
So you testify against yourselves, that you are sons of those who murdered the prophets. So you testify against yourselves, that you are sons of those who murdered the prophets.
23:33 ὄφεις γεννήματα ἐχιδνῶν, πῶς φύγητε ἀπὸ τῆς κρίσεως τῆς γεέννης; 33 ὄφεις, γεννήματα ἐχιδνῶν, πῶς φύγητε ἀπὸ τῆς κρίσεως τῆς γεέννης;
Oh, serpents, offspring of vipers! how will you escape the judgment of gehenna? Oh, serpents, offspring of vipers! how will you escape the judgment of gehenna?
23:35 ὅπως ἔλθῃ ἐφ᾿ ὑμᾶς πᾶν αἷμα δίκαιον ἐκχυννόμενον ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς ἀπὸ τοῦ αἵματος Ἅβελ τοῦ δικαίου ἕως τοῦ αἵματος Ζαχαρίου υἱοῦ Βαραχίου, ὃν ἐφονεύσατε μεταξὺ τοῦ ναοῦ καὶ τοῦ θυσιαστηρίου. 35 ὅπως ἔλθῃ ἐφ᾿ ὑμᾶς πᾶν αἷμα δίκαιον ἐκχυνόμενον ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς, ἀπὸ τοῦ αἵματος Ἅβελ τοῦ δικαίου, ἕως τοῦ αἵματος Ζαχαρίου υἱοῦ Βαραχίου, ὃν ἐφονεύσατε μεταξὺ τοῦ ναοῦ καὶ τοῦ θυσιαστηρίου.
so that upon you may come all the righteous blood poured on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel[1] unto the blood of Zechariah, the son of Barachiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar.[2] so that upon you may come all the righteous blood poured on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel[1] unto the blood of Zechariah, the son of Barachiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar.[2]
23:36 ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν, ἥξει ταῦτα πάντα ἐπὶ τὴν γενεὰν ταύτην. 36 ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν, ἥξει ταῦτα πάντα ἐπὶ τὴν γενεὰν ταύτην.
Truly I say to you, all these things will come upon this generation. Truly I say to you, all these things will come upon this generation.
23:38 ἰδοὺ ἀφίεται ὑμῖν οἶκος ὑμῶν ἔρημος. 38 ἰδού, ἀφίεται ὑμῖν οἶκος ὑμῶν ἔρημος.
Look! your house is being left to you desolate! Look! your house is being left to you desolate!
23:39 λέγω γὰρ ὑμῖν, οὐ μή με ἴδητε ἀπ᾿ ἄρτι ἕως ἄν εἴπητε, εὐλογημένος ἐρχόμενος ἐν ὀνόματι κυρίου. 39 λέγω γὰρ ὑμῖν, οὐ μή με ἴδητε ἀπ᾿ ἄρτι, ἕως ἄν εἴπητε, εὐλογημένος ἐρχόμενος ἐν ὀνόματι κυρίου.
For I say to you, from now on you will not see me until you say, ‘Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!’ ”[3] For I say to you, from now on you will not see me until you say, ‘Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!’ ”[3]

[1] Gen 4:8

[2] 2Chron 24:20-21

[3] Ps 118:26